There has been a community at Grantham, Lincolnshire since about 400AD. It is believed the Saxons gave it its name which means settlement on the gravel. During the 8th and 9th Centuries the Danes settled in the area. It is mentioned in the Doomesday book of 1086. Much of the land around Grantham was used to raise sheep and the wool trade was responsible for the town's early wealth. The two main landmarks of the town are its beautiful church, St. Wulfram's and Kings School.
Because it was located on the main road between the south of England and the north, it became a popular place for travellers to spend the night. The Angel and Royal Hotel is believed to be the oldest inn in England. The Blue Pig Pub is a 16th Century half timbered pub that still serves great food today.
The building of St. Wulfram's Church was begun in the 1100's and and was probably built on the same site as an earlier Saxon church. Over the next 400 years the structure was added to and the interior was modified. It suffered damage in the 1500's when Henry VIII forced the dissolution of the Catholic Church and then again in the 1600's during the English Civil War. In 1598 a chained library was set up in the church which is still in existance today with many of the chains intact. It is believed to be the first town library in England.
Near the church is Kings School which has been in existance since 1329. It is still a school for boys today. The two most notable pupils were William Cecil, Lord Burghley, and Sir Isaac Newton. The classroom used by these pupils is most likely the room used for the library today.
Another very famous resident is the former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Born Margaret Roberts, her father Alfred Roberts was a grocer in Grantham.
Seven miles south of Grantham is Woolsthorpe Manor, the birthplace of Sir Isaac Newton. It was here that he sat out the plague years while Cambridge University was closed and performed many of his experiments on light. There is a hands-on Science Discovery Centre. Woolsthorpe Manor is owned by The National Trust and is open for visitors during the summer months mainly on weekends from 1 pm to 5 pm.
Other places to visit near Grantham
are the spectacular
and the Easton Walled Gardens which is part of the Easton Estate where many films are made. Also just three miles north of town is
which was used for filming Pride and Prejudice, Jane Eyre, and Tom Jones. Three miles north of town is Harlaxton Manor.